The Research Question in Social Research: What is its Role? Introduce the reader to the identifying and creating a good thesis statement worksheet of the topic being studied.
The reader is oriented to the significance of the study. Anchors the research questions, hypotheses, or assumptions to follow. It offers a concise statement about the purpose of your paper. Place the topic into a particular context that defines the parameters of what is to be investigated. Provide the framework for reporting the results and indicates what is probably necessary to conduct the study and explain how the findings will present this information. In the social sciences, the research problem establishes the means by which you must answer the “So What?
This question refers to a research problem surviving the relevancy test . Note that answering the “So What? Conveyance of more than the mere gathering of descriptive data providing only a snapshot of the issue or phenomenon under investigation. Casuist Research Problem — this type of problem relates to the determination of right and wrong in questions of conduct or conscience by analyzing moral dilemmas through the application of general rules and the careful distinction of special cases. Is there a difference between two or more groups or treatments? This type of problem statement is used when the researcher compares or contrasts two or more phenomena. This a common approach to defining a problem in the clinical social sciences or behavioral sciences.
Descriptive Research Problem — typically asks the question, “what is? This problem is often associated with revealing hidden or understudied issues. Relational Research Problem — suggests a relationship of some sort between two or more variables to be investigated. The underlying purpose is to investigate specific qualities or characteristics that may be connected in some way. An explanation of the study’s significance or the benefits to be derived from investigating the research problem.
The identification of a problem to study can be challenging, not because there’s a lack of issues that could be investigated, but due to the challenge of formulating an academically relevant and researchable problem which is unique and does not simply duplicate the work of others. This relates to deductions made from social philosophy or generalizations embodied in life and in society that the researcher is familiar with. These deductions from human behavior are then placed within an empirical frame of reference through research. From a theory, the researcher can formulate a research problem or hypothesis stating the expected findings in certain empirical situations. Identifying a problem that forms the basis for a research study can come from academic movements and scholarship originating in disciplines outside of your primary area of study.