Printable Food and Nutrition Teaching Worksheets Over tweleve million children go to sleep hunger every night. For those of us that are priveleged to have a food nutrition research paper of what we take into our bodies, we take this for granted. This series of worksheets works to stress the importance of quality nutrition. Teff is well known by Ethiopians and Eritreans for its superior nutritional quality.
It is an excellent source of essential amino acids, especially lysine, the amino acid that is most often deficient in grain foods. Teff contains more lysine than barley, millet, and wheat and slightly less than rice or oats. Label for 1-pound bag of brown teff from Idaho. Demand for Teff It would seem that because of its superior nutritional qualities, teff would be available to all persons in Ethiopia to make engera. However, while it is the preferred grain in making engera, its availability is limited by its high cost. Teff is currently the most expensive grain to purchase in Ethiopia as it requires labor-intensive harvesting and processing techniques, and produces especially low yields. Teff is grown in Ethiopia and Eritrea predominately for human consumption.
In Ethiopia, teff has multiple other uses including acting as reinforcement for thatched roofs and mud bricks. It may sometimes be used as an alcoholic beverage base although most traditional alcoholic beverages in Ethiopia are primarily made from corn, barley, sorghum and finger millet. Teff is used in mixtures with soybean, chickpea and other grains and is becoming popular as baby food because of its high mineral content. Historically, teff grown in other countries such as Uganda, Australia, Canada, The United States and Kenya has served mainly as animal feed. Indeed, the use of teff as an animal foodstuff is universal. Both its grain and straw provide an excellent nutritional product in comparison to other animal feed.
However, with the growing Ethiopian and Eritrean immigrant communities, the demand for teff as an important cereal group for people continues to rise. Growing Conditions Although teff is found in almost all cereal growing areas of Ethiopia, the major areas of production are the central and highland areas. Teff can resist water-logging conditions associated with these regions, however, initial germination of the seed requires specific attention to prevent seed rot in the ground. Ethiopian highlands where most other cereal crops cannot be grown easily.
Teff grows best in moderate altitude levels. The preferred altitude conditions for teff is 1700-2200 meters. This matches most closely with altitudes in the highland areas of Ethiopia at 1800-2100 meters. As a result of the increased demands for teff in Ethiopia and the rising popularity of teff as an alternative grain in the U. Teff producers and researchers in Michigan and Idaho have worked to adjust the light requirements for increased growth yields of teff. Commercial production of teff has been happening in Idaho for 25 years, supplying the Ethiopian community in the United States for that time. The arid lowland areas of Ethiopia support minimal teff production.