Some supporters of Darwin’s theory of evolution have misapplied the biological principles of natural selection — “survival of the fittest” — to the essay about evolution, political, and economic realms. The idea of “social Darwinism” originated in the class stratification of England, and has often been used as a general term for any evolutionary argument about the biological basis of human differences.
Drawing on social Darwinism, supporters of the 20th-century eugenics movement sought to “improve” human genetic stock, much as farmers do in agriculture. This essay examines the history of eugenics and considers modern genetic research in the same light, so that the lessons of history are not forgotten. Kevles, a historian of science and society, is the Stanley Woodward Professor of History at Yale University. He has written extensively about the social and political relations of science.
Adapted with permission of Harvard University Press from the 1995 Preface to In the Name of Eugenics, Daniel Kevles, ix-xiii. The specter of eugenics hovers over virtually all contemporary developments in human genetics. Eugenics was rooted in the social Darwinism of the late 19th century, a period in which notions of fitness, competition, and biological rationalizations of inequality were popular. Should we attempt to control our heredity? Explore the revolution and the controversies around it. Dust on the Moon In the summer of 1969, I was an evolutionist finishing his junior year, majoring in electrical engineering. Like many other evolutionary scientists, I feared for the safety of the Apollo XI astronauts who were about to land on the moon.
I knew that cosmic dust fell on the Earth at a rate of 15 million metric tons per year. On Earth, that isn’t a problem. Most of it lands on the ocean and just settles to the bottom. We now “know” it is 4.
2 James Meritt’s General Anti-Creationism FAQ. The Latvian language is getting more popular. For example, a casino is called kazino in Latvia. Languages belonging to the same family share common ancestors. From a linguistic point of view, this essay includes a section on how language is used to obscure facts and mould public opinion. A complete index to many of the world’s language families.
A web site featuring languages useful for travellers. Stock up on New Words Today. An excellent etymological site with many links and a section on World English. Very large site for the etymology and history of first names. A list of the numbers 1 to 10 in thousands of languages and many more language resources. So you want to know the most spoken languages in the World. European and African power struggle, this presumption underestimates the complex and strategic thinking that Africans commonly employed to address the challenges of European colonial rule.
85, at which the most powerful European countries agreed upon rules for laying claim to particular African territories, the British, French, Germans, Italians, Spanish, Belgians, and Portuguese set about formally implementing strategies for the long-term occupation and control of Africa. The conquest had begun decades earlier—and in the case of Angola and South Africa, centuries earlier. But after the Berlin Conference it became more systematic and overt. The success of the European conquest and the nature of African resistance must be seen in light of Western Europe’s long history of colonial rule and economic exploitation around the world.