Dürer’s vast body of work includes engravings, his preferred technique in his later prints, altarpieces, portraits and self-portraits, watercolours and books. Dürer was born on 21 May 1471, third child and second son of his parents, who had at least fourteen and possibly as many as eighteen children. One of Albrecht’s brothers, Hans Dürer, was also a painter and trained under him. Another of Albrecht’s brothers, Endres Dürer, took over their father’cathedral raymond carver analysis essay business and was a master goldsmith.
Dürer’s godfather was Anton Koberger, who left goldsmithing to become a printer and publisher in the year of Dürer’s birth, and became the most successful publisher in Germany, eventually owning twenty-four printing-presses and built a number of offices in Germany and abroad. Because Dürer left autobiographical writings and became very famous by his mid-twenties, his life is well documented by several sources. After a few years of school, Dürer started to learn the basics of goldsmithing and drawing from his father. Dürer was to spend about four years away. In early 1492 Dürer travelled to Basel to stay with another brother of Martin Schongauer, the goldsmith Georg.
Very soon after his return to Nuremberg, on 7 July 1494, at the age of 23, Dürer was married to Agnes Frey following an arrangement made during his absence. Within three months of his marriage, Dürer left for Italy, alone, perhaps stimulated by an outbreak of plague in Nuremberg. He made watercolour sketches as he traveled over the Alps. Some have survived and others may be deduced from accurate landscapes of real places in his later work, for example his engraving Nemesis. In Italy, he went to Venice to study its more advanced artistic world. Over the next five years his style increasingly integrated Italian influences into underlying Northern forms.
Dürer’s father died in 1502, and his mother died in 1514. However, his training in Wolgemut’s studio, which made many carved and painted altarpieces and both designed and cut woodblocks for woodcut, evidently gave him great understanding of what the technique could be made to produce, and how to work with block cutters. South German medieval trade corporation Große Ravensburger Handelsgesellschaft, 1499. His famous series of sixteen great designs for the Apocalypse is dated 1498, as is his engraving of St. During the same period Dürer trained himself in the difficult art of using the burin to make engravings.
It is possible he had begun learning this skill during his early training with his father, as it was also an essential skill of the goldsmith. The Venetian artist Jacopo de’ Barbari, whom Dürer had met in Venice, visited Nuremberg in 1500, and Dürer said that he learned much about the new developments in perspective, anatomy, and proportion from him. 1508, a study for an apostle in the Heller altarpiece. In Italy, he returned to painting, at first producing a series of works executed in tempera on linen.