CHINESE: Jin ju, Si ji ju, Yue ju, Gan, Szu kai kat. JAPANESE: Karamonjin, Shiki kitsu, Tou kin kan. THAI: Manao wan, Som chit, Som mapit. Calamondin biosorption thesis a cultivar related to Citrus, a citrofortunella, a hybrid between Citrus reticulate Blanco and Fortunella spp.
Kalamansi is a smooth and slightly spiny plant, growing to a height of 3 to 5 meters. Leaflets are elliptic to oblong-elliptic, 4 to 8 centimeters long. Petioles are very narrowly or scarcely winged, about 1 centimeter long. Flowers are axillary, solitary, rarely in pairs, white, and short-stalked. Fruit is yellow when ripe, nearly spherical, 2 to 3. 5 centimeters diameter, 6- to 7-celled, and thin-skinned.
The species is native to the Philippines. Study on the volatile constituents of calamondin peel or whole fruit essential oil yielded 54 compounds, including 13 monoterpenes, 7 monoterpene alcohols, 1 monoterpene oxide, 4 monoterpene aldehydes, 2 monoterpene ketones, 4 monoterpene esters, 12 sesquiterpenes, 3 alipathic alcohols, 6 alipathic aldehydes, and 2 alipathic esters, with limonene and ß-myrcene as major compounds. Study for carbohydrate and phenolic content yielded 2. Aromatic, antiseptic, antiphlogistic, carminative, deodorant, refrigerant.
Studies have suggested antimicrobial, antianxiety, antidepressant, hepatoprotective, expectorant, antioxidant properties. It is fairly sour and is a popular seasoning for many local food. Served with iced-tea, seafoods and meats. Also used for making juice and marmalade. Rind and fruit used as condiment.
For an aromatic bath, juice mixed with gogo. Warm kalamansi-ade drunk for cough, colds and sore throat. For nausea and fainting, rind is squeezed near nostril to inhale. Juice from partly roasted fruits used for coughs and colds. Fruits crushed with bark of Entada phaseoloides used as hair shampoo, for itching and to stimulate hair growth. Juice of fruit used for Acne vulgaris and Pruritis vulvae.